Mangoes and its Nutritional and Health Benefits in 2024

Mango is a delicious fruit rich in nutrients. Although it is native to India, the tree is widespread throughout southern Asia, the African continent, and the United States.

It has 5000 years old history in our country. Mango trees are said to have been first found in southeast Myanmar, and southeast India. The word mango is said to have originated from the Tamil word “mambalamba”.


How many varieties of mango found in Indian Subcontinent?

There are about 500 species of mango. They have their own names too.

Some types of mangoes in India & Pakistan are Chausa, Dashari, Lengra, Hima Sagar, Bombay Green (Malda), Mallika, Totapuri, Laat Sundari, Malgoa, Dwarka, Godavari, Ambika Keshar, Baiganpally, Hatikhojia, Ambika, Raketel, Saroli, Neelum, Fajri, Almas, Malda, Gulab Khans, Sunera, Lal Badshah etc.

Mango is called king among fruits and it is the national fruit of many countries. Apart from the United States, the Philippines, Pakistan and Bangladesh have also been recognized as national fruits.

Which is the largest Mango producing country in the World

India is the world’s largest producer of mango, China is second, and the third is the Philippines. India produces only 50 percent of the world’s mangoes.

Apart from them, mango has been cultivated in Brazil, California and South Africa for the last 400 years.

Nutrients in mango

There are 100 calories in 1 cup of fresh mango juice. It is rich in protein, protein, fiber, potassium, calcium and vitamins. It does not contain cholesterol.

Medicinal value of mango?

Strengthens the body’s immune system. It controls blood pressure. Enhances vision. Its results are very beneficial for patients with prostate cancer and leukemia.

Fruits rich in more than 20 types of vitamins are called superfoods. In India since time immemorial, mangoes have been traditionally gifted to friends and relatives.

When does mango season start?

The summer season is the mango season in the Indian subcontinent which starts from February to June.

The plant can withstand temperatures up to 4 degrees. In warm climates, water draining soil, their main roots sometimes reach 20 feet deep. It can reach a maximum height of 150 feet.

The tree lives up to 300 years. It is best to grow mangoes in areas with temperatures between 24 and 24 °C during sowing, at an altitude of 400 m above sea level. Salt carvings and frozen areas are not suitable for mango cultivation.

Due to the need for plant growth, it has the best habitat for mango cultivation in South East Asia.

However, depending on the species, the size and timing of flowering also vary. Some mangoes ripen in March, while others ripen in June and July.

types of mangoes

Which mango is best?

The average weight of an improved mango is about 200 species, usually weighing 200 g, 240 g and 320 g. A new type of NurJahan weighs between 3 kg and 4 kg. Delicious Nurjan costs AED 150 per kg.

The Alphonso mango, commonly referred to as the king of mangoes, is most delicious mango, selling between AED 40 and AED 200 per kg, and is one of the world’s most expensive mango.

Mango was first exported to the United Kingdom in 1953. Since then, mangoes have been in high demand in many parts of the world.

How to grow mango tree

Many types of mangoes are found in the nursery which are buried directly in the pits. A week before, a pit of 2 feet by 2 feet is dug. The tree is planted with a mixture of 25 kg of well-drained cow dung and excavated soil.

Support is needed to plant trees directly. It can be planted between April and June. Delicious mango sandwiches eaten in May and June are collected and dried thoroughly.

Mango seeds are soaked in water for 24 hours before sowing. There are no trees in the water that float in the water.

Watering was necessary in dry weather. When the plant is alive it needs urea and potash fertilizers. Which are the best inorganic fertilizers for mango trees.

The cutting of the first twigs in 2-3 years gives good growth to the plant. Watering during the growing season is detrimental to the plants, so watering is essential when fruit sets.

How do eat mango correctly?

In summer, people like to eat mango more than other fruits. A good time to eat mangoes is immediately after lunch. Soaking it in water half an hour before eating reduces its acidity.

The history of mangoes

Kings and emperors highly valued mangoes.

It is said that Alexander first learned about the taste of mango during the Indian invasion and several mangoes were passed on to him upon his return.

Uses of mango

Raw mangoes are made from a variety of dishes, such as pickles, chutneys, delicious mango juice, and ripe mangoes. A mango gift is the best gift for friendship and peace.

In addition to the nutritional and health benefits. Mango wood is also used for making furniture and household equipment.

Finally, mango trees are important in Hinduism and Buddhism.

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